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Archive for the ‘Ernest Hemingway’ Category

Iceberg Technique

The iceberg technique became also known as “minimalism”. Hemingway believed that, like an iceberg, which only reveals one-eighth of itself above water, a story should also only reveal the most essential information and the reader completes the story with its own phantasy.

“A writer should show only the tip of what may be a huge conflict.”

The stylistics call it implication (the nonsaid is included) or underdetermination (less than the logical necessary informations is expressed).

iceberg

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Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on 21 July 1899 in Oak Park (Illinois). He was considered as the most successfull and most popular US-author of the 20th century but he was also a reporter and a war correspondent.

The works of Hemingway are the image of his life, and the key of his life is adventure. In E.M.Hemingwayhis youth, his father, a physician in Oak Park (Illinois) had taken him on many fishing and hunting trips in the Michigan Woods. When World War I broke out, he ran away from home to serve in the army. In 1918 he was serverely wounded on the Italian front. His war experiences are laid down in his later novel “A Farewell to Arms” (1929). Then he became a journalist. He also earned money in Paris as a porter and in Spain as a toreador. The latter period is described in his novel “The Sun Also Rises” (1926). In the 30s he joined the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War, the literary outcome of which was another novel “For Whom the Bell Tolls” (1940). He became a reporter again, visited China and hunted in Africa. In World War II he joined in the French resistance movement. Having invaded Paris on his own initiative, he was expelled from the army, but later honoured. In 1954, he was involved in two plane crashes in Africa. On 2 July 1961 he died accidentally while cleaning his gun in Ketchum (Idaho).
Besides his great novels, he wrote a lot of short stories, the most famous of which are “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” (1935) and “The Old Man and the Sea”(1952).

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